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To help you understand your contact lens prescription and to assist with information required for ordering lenses, see our definition of contact lens terms below:

Contact lens parameters

  • OD: Right eye parameters.
  • OS: Left eye parameters.
  • SPH: Sphere indicates the amount of lens power prescribed for short-sightedness or long-sightedness.
  • CYL & AXIS: A Cylinder (CYL) and Axis is required to correct Astigmatism.
  • ADD: Addition provides magnifying power for reading, progressive and bifocal lenses.
  • Diameter: Usually between 13.8mm and 14.5mm.  It’s the size of the contact lens.
  • Base Curve (BC): Curvature or steepness of the lens usually between 8.1 and 9.0.
Type of Lenses
  • Spherical lens: Corrects short-sighted vision (minus) and long-sighted vision (plus).
  • Multifocal lens: Corrects distance and near vision for people generally above 43 years of age. Addition parameters are required for this lens. It’s also known as a presbyopia lens.
  • Toric lens: Corrects astigmatism. Cylinder and Axis required for this lens.
  • Coloured lens: Prescription and non-prescription for cosmetic use.
  • Plano lens: Zero value (no prescription).
  • Daily lens: Used once and discarded.
  • 2 Weekly lens: Used for 14 days.
  • Monthly lens: Used for 30 days.
  • Extended wear lens: Can be worn over night.